The name ‘Nellore’ literally means ‘Paddy Place’ and is thus one of the primary agricultural cities in Andhra Pradesh. The vast paddy fields of Damaramadugu are one of the prime sources of rice in the state and in the country. The town is split in two by the Pennar River and is thus located at both the banks of the river. Towards the east of the city is the Bay of Bengal and thus Nellore is at a unique and strategic geographical location. The city has seen various ancient dynasties like the Mauryas, Chola, Pallava and Vijaynagar etc. Nellore is also famous for its ancient temples which are amazing owing to their stunning architecture and the cultural history associated with them. Nellore also has the Nelapattu bird sanctuary which is a great spot for the photography enthusiasts and professionals alike. The various lakes, temples, forts in the ancient agricultural town of Nellore are sure to keep you enchanted. Here are some important tourist destinations in Nellore:
• Udayagiri Fort
• Venkatagiri Fort
• Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary
• Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple
• Mypad Beach
• Pulicat Lake
Udayagiri Fort is located at an altitude of 3079 feet above sea level. Situated around 100 kms from Nellore, the fort is in a picturesque environment. The village Udayagiri is situated on hilltop and this hill is famously known as Sanjeevi Hills. A wide range of plants of medicinal value is found here. Evidences available on Udayagiri relate its history from 14th century. The place was then the capital of Langula Gajapati and then it was ruled by the famous Krishna Devaraya of Vijayanagar around 1512. The fort had been under the control of various rulers including Cholas, Pallavas and subsequently it came into the hands of Vijayanagar rulers. It was conquered by Islamic rulers as well.There were 13 buildings in the fort and several temples as well. The influences of various rulers that ruled the fort can be seen in the temples constructed by them during their reign. The fort, in overall, is a blend of various cultures and a fine example of the artistic skills of the bygone era.
Venkatagiri Fort is situated in Venkatagiri town. The fort was constructed by Recherla rulers in the year 1775. Surrounded by dense forest, the fort looks splendidly picturesque. The serene atmosphere in the fort calms your mind while the magnificence of the fort brings to the fore its past importance in the power game. Venkatagiri town is very famous for cotton sarees weaved in Jamdari technique.
Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary
Nellapattu Bird Sanctuary is one of the most frequented tourist spots in Nellore. It attracts migratory birds from all parts of the world and you could find over 1500 pelicans here during migratory season. The rare species of birds seen here include pelicans, spoonbills, night herons, egrets, ducks and many more. Watch towers let you have a great view of the birds. The sanctuary houses a library, museum and auditorium.
Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple
On the banks of Pennar River lies the famous Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple. The temple belongs to 7th century and it was built by Pallava rulers. The temple stands proof of the architectural excellence of the past with stunning sculpture on the huge walls and doors. The 29-meter tall main entrance and the seven gold ‘kalasams’ spellbound you.
This is a sacred place for pilgrims. Penchalakona is situated 80 kms away from Nellore. The temple is dedicated to Lord Narasimha. The temple is situated on the top of Vedagiri Hills. The temple receives more importance from religious point of view as it is believed that the temple was built on the place where Lord Venkateswara had placed his feet.
Jonnawada attracts pilgrims from all parts of India. It is located around15km from Nellore. Out of the two Kamakshi temples constructed here, one belongs to the 12th century and it is very popular. The shrines here are dedicated to Goddess Kamakshi and Sri Mallikarjuna Swamy. A festival for 10 days is celebrated every year in grandeur. The quality involved in the construction of the temple is evident in certain parts of the temple, which are built of single stones.
Mypad Beach is a spectacular beach with lush greenery and stunning landscape. The soft sands, clear water along with the picturesque coastline make the beach top the list of the beaches in Nellore. The vast greenery before your eyes is enchanting. The beach has everything about it perfect. It offers a serene atmosphere where you can unwind yourself. The sands are tempting to have a sunbath and the trees invite you to take a walk enjoying the breeze.
Pulicat Lake spreads across Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh. It covers more than 600 sq. km area of Nellore in Andhra Pradesh. The scenic lake is a paradise for bird watchers. The lake earned the status of Bird Sanctuary in the year 1976 and it attracts a wide range of migratory birds including egrets, pelican, flamingoes, terns and many more. The rice city, Nellore is a quite place to enjoy your vacation. The tourist places in Nellore here boast of cultural richness and natural beauty. Nellore has many ancient temples, which command your attention and stimulate your interest.